Posted in ASSIGNMENT 1, ASSIGNMENTS, Drawing 1, Part 1 - Form and Gesture



I struggled with the brief for this assignment, I find it difficult to find emotion in objects; People, absolutely, a beautiful landscape, definitely, but not in objects.  I find that an object is designed to suit a purpose whether that be decorative or as a tool. It took me a couple of days to realise that rather than trying to find objects that intrinsically evoke emotion but to use objects to represent something that does.  This led me to the idea of my family in still life.  I walked around the house looking for items that to me represented each member of my family, being myself my wife my daughter and my son.  This led me to the following items:

Wicker fan – This item reminds me of my wedding day, the foundation on which my family has been built.  We ordered delicate bone china fans as favours for the ladies but when they arrived – the day before the wedding- what we found were these rather indelicate wicker fans.  Rather than be defeated I just slipped a couple of references into my speech and carried on. They were actually rather popular and even now I have relatives with them hanging on the wall.

Game controller and headset – This represents me.  I was originally going to use some of my art supplies but I had a couple of issues; firstly, I thought it may be a little predictable and second, (and most importantly) if I was drawing my art supplies I would be limiting what I could use to draw with i.e. if I’m drawing them I can’t use them.  Other than drawing and painting my other big hobby has always been gaming.  Ever since I was a little boy playing on a spectrum, I remember when the first Nintendo was released and playing Mario for the first time, my time as a youth I spent many an hour in the arcades and even now in modern time with the revolution of online gaming, I am still wasting hours on them, it really was an obvious choice.

Perfume and Lipstick – This is to represent my wife.  She is a very beautiful and glamorous woman and maintaining her appearance is important to her.  She never has a hair out of place and anyone that knows her will often see the makeup bag making an appearance for the “top up”.  She has many different perfumes but I wanted to pick one with an interested shape and surface and I think the once I chose worked nicely.

Medals – These represent my daughter. She is passionate about gymnastics and in her first competition a couple of months ago, she came second in her age group and second again more recently in a regional competition.  We are extremely proud of her for the practice and work she has put in to reach her current standard and her tenacity with which she continues to improve.

Spiderman Toy – my son is an absolute Spiderman fanatic and it is extremely difficult to get him to watch, play and even dress in something that isn’t in some way associated with his favourite character. It was therefore the only real choice.


After choosing what I was to draw I decided to do some preliminary sketches.  With a pencil, I roughly sketched each item just to get into the flow and get used to the outlines.  I also played with textures and significant patterns as well as viewpoints and perspectives.  Nothing here has had much forethought, I wanted this part of the process to be loose, spontaneous and fluid, I didn’t spend too much time on any of it (other than the pattern in the perfume bottle).

After my initial sketches, I started to experiment with both composition and media.  I did 5 A5 sketches each using different media. My compositions seemed to evolve rather than choosing 5 different options to begin with and picking from the “choice” which is something I had done in previous exercises.  I think it worked better this way.  I will go through each of the sketches below reflecting on both the composition and media used.

Composition 1 – Pro Markers, Brush Markers and Nib Pen

My Family in Still Life - Composition 1 -Pro Markers, Brush Markers and Nib Pen

I decided that as I had worked in monochrome up until this point, I wanted to introduce a bit of colour and I really enjoyed using the artist marker pens, they have a real vitality to them which gives a bright illustrative look to drawing. The main downside is that you have a limited palette and whilst you can blend them to create slight variations of colour you can’t really mix them. It’s also quite a slow process, you must continually reapply a combination of markers to create a blend.

In terms of this drawing specifically I struggled with the colours on the fan, they are far too bright, I also think that the controller and headset look more grey than black.  The problem here is the difference between the darkest grey marker and the black, there is quite a large step in tone and if I use too much black drawing becomes flat and so there is a fine line between not enough and too much.  The colours on all the other items worked really well although the indigo didn’t really work as a shadow colour for the ribbon in this case. One thing that worked well was the using the nib pen to outline the main shapes.  It helped to control the bleed and separates each subject, making them pop.

This first composition had a few things I wanted to change straight away, it’s amazing how they can look good together in life but once on the paper you can immediately notice issues.  The major problem for me is too many items on the page, it looks rather jumbled, I’m sure in some instances this would be the effect you were after but I felt that in this instance I wanted to clearly mark a part of each of us and this composition was confusing that.   I had a few proportion issues here too, especially on the left-hand side of the drawing. I think the medals are too big which makes the controller and headset look too small, also I think the headset is too small to the controller. I think the rest is roughly correct although perhaps the lipstick is a little too stubby.  The other issue with the medals is that they seem to be sitting up from the surface, they are not grounded, even though they relate well to each other.


Composition 2 – Graphite stick and soft pastel pencils

My Family in Still Life - Composition 2 - Graphite Stick and SOft Pastel Pencils

I have used pastel pencils before although usually with pastel batons/sticks as a means of adding finer detail.  I have decided that for this subject matter they really didn’t work well at all.  I think for these man-made objects with clearly defined lines and dramatically different colours sat next to each other i.e. on the Spiderman toy, this is the wrong medium to use.  I, in the past, have used pastel for both portraits and landscape and they have worked a lot more successfully for this.  For creating soft blends, they work wonderfully.  They also didn’t work well with the graphite.  The graphite seemed to blend in with the pastel and made the drawing look dirty.

This composition again needed some improvement.  I prefer less on the page but with this arrangement there was far too much negative space.  The fan is far too small now although the rest seems to be about right, also the medal is sitting on the surface now which is an improvement. I missed the lipstick it had a great reflective surface and heled with the transition from the black to the left and the reds to the right.  It isn’t very big and so didn’t think it would clutter the page too much by reintroducing it.  I also didn’t like the medal I chose to keep, whilst it shows the position my daughter cam, it doesn’t actually have any reference to gymnastics, which was the point of using the medals to begin with.  In the next composition, I decided to replace this with the other one.  Also the medal was too far forward, because it is quite small, it leaves too much space to both the left and the right at the front.


Composition 3 – Graphite (pencil) and coloured pencil (soft)

My Family in Still Life - Composition 1 - Graphite (pencil) and Coloured Pencils (soft)

I decided, this time to try and tone down the colours and try and give a more subtle, desaturated version. For this idea I started drawing just in pencil, not just to create outlines but also to create the tones.  Once this had been done I applied a layer of colour hoping it would just give a hint.  This worked in areas such as the blue parts of Spiderman’s legs and just looked dirty in other areas such as the fan.  I think it works better where there is a more dramatic shift in tone and less so where more detail is required.  The pencils were nice to use and had a creamy feel to them and as with the pastels, I think they would work better with a subject that requires less definition.  Also on a larger scale the detail would be less fiddley and I think this would work better too.

In terms of composition, I think changing the medal and reintroducing the lipstick was a good idea.  I also put the medal up higher to balance out the height of the Spiderman toy and this is partly successful though there is till to far too much negative space at the top, much less at the bottom though which is good.  I thought at this stage that maybe I should get closer to the images to try and remove this extra space.  I might also make the toy sit down, though I was worried it may topple whilst trying to draw it so I held out for the time being. The proportions are much better in this one so I hoped that I had mastered this part of the composition.  My other thoughts were that the gap between the controller and the lipstick was too big although I liked the overlap of the 3 items on the right-hand side, it added some depth and interplay between them.


Composition 4 – Dip pen and ink with watercolour pencil.

My Family in Still Life - Composition 4 - Dip Pen and Ink with Watercolour Pencil

I like the dip pen and ink.  It dries really dark and shiny, giving a print effect.  I did find it difficult to control though and in some areas you can see where it leaked from the pen a little, at other times it was scratchy and hard to release the ink at all, I’m not sure if this has to do with the quality of the pen I’m using or if I’m not using it correctly.  I will have to practice with this medium some more before coming to a conclusion.  In parts I tried to create tones by adding some water with a brush to certain areas and spreading the ink to create lighter tones.  This didn’t work particularly well on the toy and again I think this is probably due to the scale.  It was more successful when I made a wash on a palette rather than on the paper e.g. the shadow of the controller on the fan.  For the most part I used different hatch marks to create tone and this works well.  The water colour pencils were a little bland when dry and I would be better off using the coloured pencils if I wanted softer, more subtle tones.  When I go over them with a water brush however, the colours really pop, creating a vibrant colour and you can create tone by either reapplying dry pencil on top or by using a lesser concentration of pigment.

This composition still had too much negative space at the top and I was definitely going to try and sit the toy down for the next one.  The cropped composition worked nicely, it created a bit of interest and drew you into the centre of the drawing, also creating less space between the objects themselves, bringing them together.  The medal didn’t sit too well in front of the fan, there was no real shadow and so I think it looked too far in front.  I preferred the smaller gap between the controller and lipstick, though I would have liked them to be even closer and eliminate any space at all.

Composition 5 – Line and wash (nib pen and watercolour)

My Family in Still Life - Composition 5 - Line and Wash (Nib Pen and Watercolour)

I’ve not used watercolour before and bought some specifically for this experiment.  I’m glad I did, I really enjoyed using them, they are a great combination of both drawing and painting.  You have to work from light to dark because it is very difficult to take pigment away once it’s laid down.  You can lighten or correct to an extent by applying water to the area you wish to lighten and then lift the pigment with something absorbent i.e. a paper towel or even a cotton bud. It’s not as difficult as I thought it may be, I applied thin layers, slowly building up tone and colour and because of this I didn’t feel the need to mix my colours that much unless their was the need to tint or shade, which was only occasional.  It can be a little difficult to control, especially with the thinner layers, the more water the more unpredictable but I quite enjoyed embracing this looseness and working with it.  Another thing to be aware of is that watercolours dry lighter.  You don’t really need the nib pen, but it does make the drawing pop and it also makes the finished piece more of a drawing and less of a painting.

In terms of composition I think this one works the best. I liked both the composition and the medium and in fact I felt that may even just make a larger version of this on watercolour paper. All the items in the drawing relate well to each other being grouped quite closely together, creating depth and minimising the negative space. I thought the background to be a little sterile in white and so for the final piece I thought about adding a wash in order to tone it down a little. I also liked the way your eye was led around the drawing, starting from the left your eye is lead to the right up to the medal and then along the stem of the Fan back towards the left-hand side of the drawing. I also thought that this drawing worked symbolically, using the fan as a backdrop and symbolising marriage, the controller and perfume with lipstick towards the left most area and the toy and medal towards the right with the medal highest, representing my daughter who is the eldest. There are a few things to iron out, for example, the rows on the fan needed to be a little more precise and evenly spaced and so I needed to pay a bit more attention to that, I also needed to keep a check on all my proportions and I tried to keep this in mind before starting my final piece.

My Family in Still Life - Finished Piece
My Family in Still Life – Final Piece – Line and Wash (nib pen and watercolour) on A3
Close up of detail in fan

I decided to use A3 watercolour paper as I had this already to hand. I started by making a quick outline sketch of the Piece whilst paying extra attention to the rows of the weave on the fan. I then used the nib pen to create a darker outline. This took quite a long time but I wanted to make sure that I got everything accurately especially the fan where I used quite a lot of detail to get the texture correct. Following this I used my watercolours in layers building up tone and where appropriate adding some highlights with a white gel pen. In general I got the proportions correct there is a slight skew on the medal and the perfume bottle is blown out slightly to the left hand side. I think I started off correctly in my pencil sketch but by the time I’d added the pen and watercolour it became slightly obscured. I also had an issue with the paper buckling, I did use the correct watercolour paper and so I thought that this would be sufficient to keep the paper flat but once dry it did warp. I think in future when using watercolour I will still have to secure the support with masking tape, and having since done a little research I find this to be the case. In future this is definitely something I will need to take into consideration. I think this drawing has been successful, I have taken into account the things I’ve learnt towards the beginning of part 1, I have paid attention to the texture of each subject, I have paid attention reflected light and I have also paid attention to both line and tone creating mass where necessary. This can be shown in the fan where I spent extra time paying attention to the texture and also in both the highly reflective lipstick and perfume bottle where you can see the reflection of the Spiderman toy and also you can see in the perfume bottle lid the highly reflective surface. You could also see in the controller the colour of the perfume bottle reflected on to the right hand side. You may have noticed that I have left out any of the coloured weave in the fan this was deliberate I felt it was taking away from the detail and making it overly complicated, I think this was the right move. Overall I’m very happy with the way this piece turned out and I would certainly look to use this medium again.


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